The Cardiovascular Journal of Africa (CVJA) is an international peer-reviewed journal that keeps cardiologists up to date with advances in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease.

Topics covered include coronary disease, electrophysiology, valve disease, imaging techniques, congenital heart disease (fetal, paediatric & adult), heart failure, surgery & basic science. CVJA is the official journal of the PASCAR and has been published since 1990.

Important Notice to all Authors:
Manuscript Submission Fee & Article Processing Charge (effective 13 December 2016)

It has become necessary for the Cardiovascular Journal of Africa to charge a manuscripts submission fees for all articles submitted for publication. On acceptance of a manuscript an additional Article Processing Fee will apply before publishing. This is normal for most, if not all, journals. We so far have been able to survive without charging authors for submissions and processing but can no longer do so. We regret that we have to implement this as from the 13 of December 2016. Payment will need to be made online and once payment has been received, the manuscript will be further processed for possible publication.

The payment of the manuscript submission fee and does not guarantee publication of the article. The manuscript submission fee is not refundable in the event of rejection as processing cost will have been incurred. (Payment can be made online with a valid credit card)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa: Volume 28, Issue 2, March/April 2017

• Awareness of hypertension guidelines in Nigeria
• Genetics and CABG patients under 30 years old
• Coronary artery collaterals and left ventricular function
• Obesity in Botswana
• Obesity and risk for hypertension in Nigeria
• Vitamin D and the development of atrial fibrillation
• Early mortality in haemodialysis patients undergoing CABG
• Mortality of patients with acute heart failure in Botswana
• Effect of moderate exercise on coronary heart disease

This journal is now available to be viewed via our eJournal publication viewer »
cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa: Volume 28, Issue 1, January/February 2017

• Peripartum cardiomyopathy at Parirenyatwa Hospital, Zimbabwe
• Non-dipper hypertension associated with slow coronary flow
• Endothelial dysfunction and arterial stiffness in pre-eclampsia
• Comparison of off- and on-pump beating-heart CABG surgery
• Myocardial dysfunction in children with intrauterine growth restriction
• Availability and distribution of paediatric cardiology services in Nigeria
• Acute heart failure patients in sub-Saharan Africa: THESUS-HF

This journal is now available to be viewed via our eJournal publication viewer »
cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa: Volume 27, Issue 6, November / December 2016

• Effect of colchicine on tuberculous pericarditis
• Hypertension in semi-urban south-western Nigeria
• Uncontrolled hypertension in primary healthcare in DRC
• Body weight and body fat distribution in black SA women
• FTY720 after myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion
• SABPA study: cortisol:BDNF and silent ischaemia in black males
• European Society of Cardiology congress update
• SASCI/SCTSSA guidelines on TAVI in South Africa

This journal is now available to be viewed via our eJournal publication viewer »
cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa: Volume 27, Issue 5, September / October 2016

• Pre-anesthetic ECG findings in children in Nigeria
• Relationship between fatty liver disease and atherosclerosis
• Congenital heart disease and Down syndrome
• Elevated magnesium levels and coronary artery ectasia
• Strain and strain rate echocardiography in Wilson’s disease
• Cardiovascular risk factors in schoolchildren in Angola
• Cardiovascular risk factors in south-western Nigeria

This journal is now available to be viewed via our eJournal publication viewer »
cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa: Volume 27, Issue 4, July / August 2016

• Fine-tuning Heart Assist 5 devices with echocardiography
• Sirtuin 1 in South African Indians with early-onset CAD
• Management of acute MI patients at Nairobi Hospital
• Acquired von Willebrand syndrome and stenosis
• Remedy® biodegradable peripheral stents
• Coated or uncoated oxygenators during CPB surgery
• ECG findings in HIV patients in south-east Nigeria

This journal is now available to be viewed via our eJournal publication viewer »
cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa: Volume 27, Issue 3, May / June 2016

• Techniques for balloon sizing in percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty
• Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in South Africans
• Fat distribution, insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia in SA women
• Actions to eradicate rheumatic heart disease in Africa
• Cardiology–cardiothoracic training in South Africa
• Patterns of collaboration in research in sub-Saharan Africa
• Report of the PASCAR Hypertension Task Force

This journal is now available to be viewed via our eJournal publication viewer »
cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa: Volume 27, Issue 2, March / April 2016

• Cardiovascular pathology
• Pre-eclampsia
• Pre-conception counselling
• Medical disease and maternal mortality
• Physiological changes in pregnancy
• Diagnosing cardiac disease
• Hypertensive disorders
• Valvular heart disease
• Perinatal depression

This journal is now available to be viewed via our eJournal publication viewer »
cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa: Volume 27, Issue 1, January / February 2016

• Filamin C: a novel component of the KCNE2 interactome during hypoxia
• Anatomical factors affect mortality rates after endovascular aneurysm repair
• ECG abnormalities and dyslipidaemic syndrome in sickle cell anaemia
• FTO rs9939609 and MC4R rs17782313: elevated nocturnal blood pressure
• Left ventricular systolic function in Nigerian children infected with HIV/AIDS
• Vascular rings: a radiological review of anatomical variations
• Change in right ventricular systolic function according to revascularisation method

This journal is now available to be viewed via our eJournal publication viewer »
cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa: Volume 26, Issue 6, November / December 2015

• Heart-type fatty acid-binding protein as diagnostic marker of non-STEMI
• Topical beta-blocker-induced atrioventricular block
• Interatrial conduction delay with polycystic ovary syndrome
• Protective effects of ginseng extracts on ischaemia–reperfusion injury
• An open-access mobile, electronic patient register for RHD
• Peri-operative myocardial injury and apoptosis during CABG surgery

This journal is now available to be viewed via our eJournal publication viewer »

Request for Letters to the Editor (by Prof Patrick Commerford)

The peer-review process is a vital part of scientific publication and seeks to ensure that what is published has been effectively scrutinised for scientific integrity, validity and ethical conduct in research. No matter how good peer review may be it is inevitably, by its very nature, limited to the opinions of a small number of reviewers and editors.

An important part of peer review, little mentioned, occurs after publication when the published work is exposed to a very much wider audience. This readership is often in a better position to offer critical opinions or commendations than the initial reviewers and is able to make its opinion known through letters to the editor. When these are published they offer important insights into the merit or otherwise of prior articles and serve an important educational purpose.

Sadly of late there have been few such letters submitted to this journal. I encourage all readers of this journal to consider submitting letters of criticism or acclaim to the journal for consideration for publication. Ideally they should be brief and to the point, referencing the article under discussion with no more than three to five additional references. All letters will be submitted to the author of the original article, offering a right of reply. The letter and response, if forthcoming, will be published
together. Letters to the editor (and the response) will not be subjected to further review but will be accepted or rejected based on the opinion of the editor.

The contributions by readers criticising or commenting on published work are an important part of scientific and clinical responsibility for all of us and I encourage all readers to participate actively so as to enhance the scientific integrity and value of the CVJA. Detailed instructions for authors of letters to the editor will be added to the website shortly but in the interim I will gladly accept submissions under the conditions outlined above.

Please email your request to the Editorial Office »
cardiovascular disease
Request for Images in Cardiology (by Prof Patrick Commerford)

In an attempt to diversify the content of the journal and to cater for the ever-growing importance of diverse imaging modalities, I plan to develop a series of ‘Images in Cardiology’. The exact requirements will be posted in the instructions for authors on the journal website shortly. In the interim, I invite the submission of suitable images for consideration for publication. The images should be of high quality and suitable for publication, as already specified on the website. They should be accompanied by a brief clinical vignette, a report of why the imaging modality was chosen and how it contributed to patient outcome. A description of the results of imaging, suitably labelled with arrows or other markers, indicating areas of particular interest is essential. A maximum of five references may be supplied. Priority will be given to images of cardiac diseases commonly seen in Africa. Submissions will be subject to peer review by experts in the field.

Please email your request to the Editorial Office »
cardiovascular disease
Measuring publication impact, and publishing and funding models

The impact factor, or, more correctly, the journal impact factor [JIF; Thompsons Reuters (ISI)] has featured in previous reports of the Cardiovascular Journal of Africa (CVJA). As expected, it has been steadily rising and is now at 1.022 (2015). This is not to be scoffed at. Of the 14 listed medical journals in Africa, it is third to the South African Medical Journal (SAMJ; JIF = 1.5).

Similarly, in another major database, Scopus, it ranks at number 184 out of 333 journals of cardiovascular medicine globally. Within Africa it is the only cardiovascular journal indexed by Thompson Reuters and also by Scopus. These statistics are based on citations to articles that appear in journals, and formulae that relate the number of citations to published articles in a journal over a given time period,4 and are part of the more extensive ways of evaluating scientific output under the umbrella term bibliometrics.

Read full article online »
cardiovascular disease
Cardio News: Frontline initiatives in early myocardial reperfusion with ST -elevation myocardial infarction

Concern has been expressed by leading cardiologists in Africa about the lack of preparedness of healthcare services on this continent in relation to the management of non-communicable diseases and, specifically, cardiovascular disease.This may be attributable to a paucity of surveillance data and registries, a shortage of physicians and cardiologists, interventional measures not being in place, inadequate diagnostic capabilities, and misguided opinions, as reported.

From the South African 2011 census, we know that low household income compounds the problem of inadequate healthcare provision, and also lack of transport to facilities where optimal care can be provided timeously. Public sector clinic services are utilised by 61.2% of households, public hospitals by 9.5%, and private hospitals, private clinics and other services by only about 5% of households. A disparity is evident between the health facility used and the population group, in that 17% of black South Africans versus 88% of white and 64% of Indian households visit private health facilities.

Read full article online »
The Cardiovascular Journal of Africa has launched an Online First Advance Online Publication (ePublication ahead of print) with full text availability via Pubmed and this website which is accessible via Google and other search engines.

This facility is also known internationally as e-publication, ahead of print and offers authors the opportunity to publish their research articles sooner for an international audience. Read More »
Clinical presentation and outcomes of patients with acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease seen at a tertiary hospital setting in Port Elizabeth, South Africa

Published: 20 April 2017
Electrocardiographic abnormalities in treatment-naïve HIV subjects in south-east Nigeria

Published: 24 March 2017
Medication adherence among cardiac patients in Khartoum State, Sudan: a cross-sectional study

Published: 24 March 2017
An unusual case of aorta–right atrial tunnel with windsock aneurysm: imaging, diagnosis and treatment

Published: 15 March 2017
Prevalence of rheumatic valvular heart disease in Rwandan school children: echocardiographic evaluation using the World Heart Federation criteria

Published: 1 March 2017
Factors affecting interest in cardiothoracic surgery among junior surgical residents in Nigeria

Published: 1 March 2017
New World’s old disease: cardiac hydatid disease and surgical principles

Published: 20 February 2017
The prevalence and radiological findings of pulmonary embolism in HIV-positive patients referred for computed tomography pulmonary angiography in the Western Cape of South Africa

Published: 15 February 2017
Right ventricular strain as predictor of pulmonary complications in patients with femur fracture

Published: 01 February 2017
Atrial myxoma: a rare cause of hemiplegia in children

Published: 09 December 2016
Telmisartan decreases microalbuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus following coronary artery bypass grafting

Published: 10 November 2016
Left ventricular haematoma mimicking lateral wall myocardial infarction secondary to percutaneous coronary intervention

Published: 10 November 2016
Symptom-to-balloon time and myocardial blush grade are predictors of left ventricular remodelling after successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention

Published: 27 October 2016
Effects of Ramadan intermittent fasting on North African children’s heart rate and oxy-haemoglobin saturation at rest and during sub-maximal exercise

Published: 21 October 2016
Xanthine oxidase inhibitors in ischaemic heart disease

Published: 09 September 2016
Prevalence of selected cardiometabolic risk factors among adults in urban and semi-urban hospitals in four sub-Saharan African countries

Published: 22 August 2016
Assessment of indirect inflammatory markers in patients with myocardial bridging

Published: 19 August 2016
Click here for more information on our Online First Publication Service »

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